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Hebrew alphabet and characters

The Hebrew alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Semitic languages.

Hebrew characters:

Hebrew characters

Hebrew grammar rules


In Hebrew, nouns are either masculine or feminine (or both). Number can be singular, plural or dual.

Grammatical relations are expressed by adding prefixes and suffixes to the word’s root. To express possession or to mark a direct object, prepositions are used.

Adjectives agree with nouns in number and gender.


Hebrew verbs are formed from three- or four-consonant roots. There are seven constructions called binyan that define the conjugation pattern for each category.

Verbs decline for tense (present, past, future), number (singular and plural), person (first, second, third), gender (masculine, feminine).

Hebrew formatting rules

Date formats
First day of the weekSunday
Working daysSunday to Thursday
Short date formatd/MM/yyyy
e.g. 24/03/2016
Long date formatyyyy MMMMב d dddd
e.g. 2016 יום חמישי 24 במרץ
Numbers and measurements
Decimal separator. (period)
e.g. 11.50
Thousand separator, (comma)
e.g. 2,000, not 2000
Five and more digit numbers formatsplit into groups of three using comma
e.g. 20,000,000.50, not 20 000 000,50
Measurement unitsnon-breaking space
e.g. 1 MB, not 1MB

39 ˚C, not 39˚C

10 %, not 10%

Hebrew currency namenew Israeli Shekel
Currency symbol
Currency symbol positionlocated before the number, preceded by a space
e.g. ₪ 100.50 / ₪ 100,000,000.00

Hebrew capitalisation usage

Use of capitalisation

This section does not apply to Hebrew.

Solutions for Hebrew

Stepping Stone provides a range of services designed translating, localising and preparing products for markets where Hebrew is spoken.