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Italian alphabet and characters

The Italian alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Romanсe languages.

Lower-case characters:

Italian alphabet (lower case)

Upper-case characters


Italian grammar rules


There are two grammatical genders in Italian:

  • masculine
  • feminine

And two numbers

  • singular
  • plural

Nouns and adjectives decline into four cases:

  • nominative
  • accusative
  • dative
  • disjunctive

Verbs are conjugated for tense, aspect and mood.

Italian formatting rules

Date formats
First day of the weekMonday
Working daysMonday to Friday
Short date formatdd/MM/yyyy or dd/MM/yy, as well as dd.M.yy
e.g. 24/03/2016 or 24/03/16 or 24.3.16
Long date formatdddd d MMMM yyyy or d MMMM yyyy, as well as d-MMM-yy
e.g. mercoledì 24 marzo 2016 / 24 marzo 2016 / 24-mar-16
Numbers and measurements
Decimal separator, (comma)
e.g. 11,50
Thousand separator. (period)
e.g. 2.000, not 2000
Five and more digit numbers formatsplit into groups of three from the right using period
e.g. 20.000.000,00, not 20,000,000.00
Measurement unitsnon-breaking space
e.g. 1 cm, not 1cm

39 ˚C, not 39˚C

Exception: 10%, not 10 %

Italian currency nameEuro
Currency symbol
Currency symbol positionlocated before the number, preceded by a space
e.g. € 100 / € 10,05 / € 100.000.000,00

Italian capitalisation usage

Should be capitalised
  • People’s and product names.
  • Geographical names (of countries, counties/states, cities etc.).
  • Headings/titles: only the first word is capitalised unless a proper noun is featured.
  • In UI items made up of two alternative commands separated by a slash (/), both commands begin with an upper-case character.
    Example: Import/Export Files = Importa/Esporta file
  • Names of keyboard keys should be written in all capital letters.
    Example: Enter = INVIO
  • Legal documents, such as agreements, licenses, and statements, may include entire upper-case paragraphs and/or common nouns beginning with upper-case. These conventions in the source document may have legal implications and should be retained in target.
Should NOT be capitalised
  • Days and months, names currencies, languages and nationalities are not capitalised.
  • Terms following a colon sign on the same line should begin with lower-case.
  • When a term follows a colon sign but it is placed on another line, it should begin with upper-case.
  • UI items begin with a lower-case character. In case of UI items made up of multiple words, only the first character of the first word is upper-case.
    Examples: The File menu = Il menu File; Edit Movie = Modifica filmato.

Solutions for Italian

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Italian