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Vietnamese alphabet and characters

The Vietnamese alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Vietnamese.

The Vietnamese alphabet (quốc ngữ) in use today is a Latin alphabet with additional diacritics for tones, and certain letters.

Lower-case characters:

Vietnamese characters

Upper-case characters

Vietnamese characters

Vietnamese grammar rules

Like other Austro-Asiatic languages, Vietnamese is an analytic, i.e., it does not use inflections to express grammatical relations. Instead, grammatical relations are marked by word order and by various particles.


Verbs are not marked for person or number. Tense, aspect and mood are marked by various particles.


There are three conjugation classes in Latvian.

Verbs are conjugated for person, tense, mood and voice.

Vietnamese formatting rules

Date formats
Short date formatd/M/yy
e.g. 17/3/16
Long date formatngày d tháng M năm yyyy
e.g. ngày 17 tháng 3 năm 2016
Numbers and currency
Decimal separator, (comma)
e.g. 11,50
Thousand separator. (period)
e.g. 2.000
Latvian currency nameDong; International Currency Code: VND
Currency symbol
Currency symbol positionlocated after the number
e.g. 150 ₫

Vietnamese capitalisation usage

Should be capitalised

Only the first character in a sentence is capitalized. In proper names, the first character for each word is capitalized.

Solutions for Vietnamese

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Vietnamese