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Vietnamese alphabet and characters

The Vietnamese alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Vietnamese.

The Vietnamese alphabet (quốc ngữ) in use today is a Latin alphabet with additional diacritics for tones, and certain letters.

Vietnamese characters

Vietnamese grammar rules

Like other Austro-Asiatic languages, Vietnamese is an analytic, i.e., it does not use inflections to express grammatical relations. Instead, grammatical relations are marked by word order and by various particles.

Verbs are not marked for person or number. Tense, aspect and mood are marked by various particles.

Vietnamese formatting rules

Short date formatd/M/yy
e.g. 17/3/16
Long date formatngày d tháng M năm yyyy
e.g. ngày 17 tháng 3 năm 2016

Vietnamese capitalisation usage

Only the first character in a sentence is capitalized. In proper names, the first character for each word is capitalized.

Solutions for Vietnamese

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Vietnamese