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Malay alphabet and characters

The Malay alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Latin scripts.

Lower-case characters:


Upper-case characters


Malay grammar rules

Malay is an agglutinative language. New words are formed by three methods: attaching affixes onto a root word, formation of a compound word, or repetition of words or portions of words.


There is no grammatical gender. Number is not marked. Plurality can be expressed lexically by words such as ‘some’, or ‘all’, e.g., ‘some people’.


Verbs are not inflected for person or tense. These functions are determined by time reference words, such as yesterday, next year, just now.

There is a three-way aspect distinction between action completed, action begun but not completed, and action not completed. These distinctions are represented by special markers. Voice and transitivity are marked by affixes. Mood is expressed by adverbs or other auxiliary words.

Malay formatting rules

Date formats
Short date formatdd/MM/yyyy
e.g. 23/03/2016
Long date formatd MMMM yyyy
e.g. 23 Mac 2016
Decimal separator. (period)
e.g. 11.50
Thousand separator, (coma)
e.g. 2,000

Malay capitalisation usage

Should be capitalised

Only the first letter in a sentence and proper nouns are capitalised. However, in some cases the first letter of each word is capitalised.

Should NOT be capitalised

Capitalisation is not as widely used as in English.

Solutions for Malay

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Malay