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Indonesian alphabet and characters

The Indonesian alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Baltic languages.

Latin alphabet (lower characters)

Indonesian grammar rules

Indonesian nouns are words used to name a person, animal, place, thing, or abstract ideas, and are divided into personal and non-personal, countable and uncountable, plural formations, etc. Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary as they can consist simply of roots, other nouns are morphologically complex. The structure of the Nouns in Indonesian has a logical pattern.

Indonesian formatting rules

Short date formatdd-mm-‘yy
e.g. 17-03-’16
Long date formatd mmmm yyyy
e.g. 17 Maret 2016

Indonesian capitalisation usage

  • The first word in every sentence.
  • The first word of each sentence inside the speech marks.
  • The first letter in the word and phrase that relates to religion, scriptures, and God, including pronouns for God.
  • The first letter of the name of the honorary title, ancestry, and religious leaders who followed the person’s name.
  • The first letter of the name of the honorary title, ancestry, and religious leaders who did not follow the person’s name.
  • Proper nouns – people’s names, agency names, name of the place, etc. used as a substitute for the name of a specific person.
  • The first letter of the name of the office or agency name that refers to the completed form.
  • Person names.
  • Capital letters are used as the first letter stands for the name of the person who is used as the name of the type or measurement unit.
  • The first letter of the name, nation, and language.
  • The first letter of the year, month, day, and feast.
  • The first letter of the name elements of the historical events.
  • Geographical names (of countries, counties/states, cities etc.).
  • The first letter of all elements of the country’s official name, official institutions, constitutional institutions, agencies, and the name of the official document.
  • The first letter in the word, such as captions, notes, and for example, which is preceded by a complete statement and is followed by the exposure associated with the complete statement.
  • Headings/titles: only the first word is capitalised unless a proper noun is featured.
  • Column and row headings should start with a capital letter and usually have no punctuation marks at the end. When table items are complete sentences, each of them starts with a capital letter and ends with a period.
  • If the localisable item is a phrase, capitalise only the first word. Except in trademarks (e.g., Adobe Acrobat) where every word should be capitalised.

Solutions for Indonesian

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Indonesian