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Kazakh alphabet and characters

The Kazakh alphabet should display only the following characters. If your document is not showing correctly, then first check that the encoding for that program and font supports Turkic languages.

Today, Kazakh is written in Cyrillic in Kazakhstan and Mongolia, while more than one million Kazakh-speakers in China use an Arabic-derived alphabet similar to the one that is used to write Uyghur.


Kazakh grammar rules

Like other Turkic languages Kazakh is agglutinative, e.g. grammatical forms are created by adding various suffixes to fixed stems.

There is no grammatical gender. Nouns have singular and plural forms. There are six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, locative, and ablative. There is no definite article.

Kazakh formatting rules

First day of the weekMonday
Working daysMonday to Friday
Short date formatdd.MM.yy
e.g. 23.03.2016
Long date formatd MMMM yyyy ж. where “ж.” is the abbreviation for “year” in Kazakh (“жыл”). It should follow the year number after a space.
e.g. 17 наурыз 2016 ж.

Kazakh capitalisation usage

  • People’s names.
  • Geographical names (of countries, counties/states, cities etc.).
  • Headings/titles: only the first word is capitalised unless a proper noun is featured.
  • Names of user interface elements (commands, menus, dialog box titles), program names, etc.
  • Only the first word is capitalized, e.g. Ұя биіктігі мен ені.
  • When referred to, names of UI elements should always have bold or italic formatting or, if that is not possible, enclosed in quotes with an appropriate preceding descriptor.

Solutions for Kazakh

Stepping Stone provides translation and localisation services for Kazakh